Foreign Policy in Changed Context

The success of the second pro-democratic movement launched by the seven part alliance SPA in April 2006, 18th may declaration of the reinstated House of Representative HR, comprehensive  peace Accord signed between Government of Nepal and Communist party of Nepal in November 2006. The popular uprising that the country witnessed during the April 2006 democracy movement has not only defeated the autocracy regime and paved that the people’s movement conducted in a peaceful way can settle the most fundamental political issues such as sovereignty, source of state power and peaceful transition of power. After this movement and holding of a successful constituent assembly election, Nepali people become the true a master of their own country and sovereignty has been fully lies in their hands.

The increasing process of globalization has questioned the classical or traditional definition of nation state and its roles. In the last fifty years, numerous international, regional and bilateral organization networks have been established and these networks and organizations have also introduced laws, rules and regulation to monitor, supervise and enhance the regional and international cooperation. the interdependence has also been increased among the nation states. such development has influenced the foreign policy matters of nation state. However, the central part of the nation state remains national sovereignty, self-determination, nation interdependence and security.

The process of globalization has also posed serve challenge to the nation state especially in the areas if trade and economic development. The developing and least developed countries like Nepal have been facing various constraint in the competition. It has been extremely difficult for these countries to compete with the developed world in the international markets, acquiring technologies and forwarding economic development as well as following the pace of the globalization in general.

It is perceived that making foreign affair is the government business. It is also argued that the issue of foreign policy-making is remote for the daily lives and experiences of the ordinary people. Thus usually people pay attention on the foreign policy making processes in Nepal. The process of globalization and the worlds communication system has produced a revolution in the field of international relations. The political, economies, cultural, social and military interconnections between states and societies have been increased rapidly.

On the basis of democratic norms, all contentious and controversial issue should be dealt one by one utilizing the newly emerged favorable environment and the goodwill of all friendly countries, especially the close neighbors. Series of discussion should be organised among foreign policy experts  and diplomats to review and restructure the foreign policy experts and diplomats to review and restructure the foreign policy according to the tune of time.