Cyber security has many definitions which is not limited within the system or hardware. In today’s world of technology and advancement it has further adopted the concept of ensuring not only physical safety but facilitates the psychological effects and errors.

In short Cyber Security is an evaluation of your risks and mitigating attack vectors. It applies to everything within that creating a barrier in safeguarding the person’s online and offline status.

The major issues of Cyber Security in Nepal involve various actions and reparations of practices where due to lack of proper policy and awareness people are falling victim to various externalities. These activities or action range from online to offline where it is related with frauds, scandals and even personal pride and prestige.

The problems and issues range at various level of information theft to duplication of identity to fake information and manipulation. In most of these case due to lack of infrastructure and resources the act goes unnoticed. People at times fail to report it and when they do report also the concern authorities due to their insignificant skills and behavior further detritus the situation. The major cyber securities issues are listed below:

Identity theft

Banking frauds


Cyber bulling

Online threats & intimidation

Various forms of Online Violence against Women

Revenge Porn

Copyrights issues

Social Media Crisis

Denial of Service attack

Child Online Protection

Lack of awareness

Lack of Standardization and proper policy

In most of the cases Cyber security is a result of lack of awareness and lack of internet core values. If you look at the current stage of Nepal then the major of Cyber Security issues occurs due to lack of Nepal government turning a blind eye towards issues of internet governance process in Nepal. The ICT industry is limited within the complexity of business and limited stakeholder where the government and regulator fail to recognize civil society and user groups as stakeholder.

Perhaps reality is The Nepal Telecommunication Authority (NTA) which is given the role of regulator fails to address any policy recommendation in terms of creating proper mechanism to manage the internet governance process in Nepal’s ICT industry. Due to this the limitation of policy and mechanism has been hindering the industry in terms of growth and development. Thought there has been immense growth in terms of infrastructure but when it comes down to grassroots level intervention the NTA fails to create any impact. Its basic objective has been in creating better scenario for better operation of telecommunication organization only.

Author: Shreedeep Rayamajhi


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