Context of cyber security in Nepal.
As the public of Nepal is still not much aware of cyber security, cyber attackers from foreign land have already stepped in Nepal in order to commit more number of cyber attacks, said the police official.
Nepal is very new with the terms like cyber attacks and cyber crimes. Still, no any proper laws and policies haven’t made in Nepal in regard to cyber security. Since the government is indifferent to prioritize the sector of Cyber security, the area of cyber safety is moving towards complex situation.
Cyber criminals in Nepal have been actively engaged in the work like withdrawing money through fake ATM cards, Swindling by the means of social media and many more.
Police recently arrested an Indian citizen in Kathmandu accused of defrauding people through Facebook. So far there has also been an increase of Nepali cyber criminals. Numbers of Nepali has been enrolled into the business of cyber crime.
Defrauding from social media, hacking bank account, stealing personal or organization’s data, call bypass are the major activities that are carried out by cyber attacks in Nepal at present scene. Many of the cyber attacks transpire as the people are swindled for lottery, foreign employment and abroad study.
According to the Central Research Bureau of Nepal Police, within seven years 44 social network abuse cases have been registered in the court and 62 internet frauds have been arrested. Meanwhile, 52 foreign citizens have been arrested for bypassing call and hacking ATM.
Recently, during the press meet of CISCO Global Cyber Security Summit, Sunina Ghimire Pandey, Vice President of CAN, informed around 800 cyber crimes occurred in Nepal but among them, only 11 cases were filed in the court. Pandey also apprised more numbers of deadly cyber attacks can be anticipated in future as all our data has been recorded in computer system. With that, she also reported about different kinds of cyber attacks that are mostly transpired in Nepal. List of those cyber attacks are as mentioned:
- Attacks on social media
- Identity Threat
- Unauthorized access
- Website hacking
Earlier the cyber attackers only used to steal data of different individual and organization but now the trend has been changed they even had started the business of defrauding in the name of different projects, foreign employment and among others.
Police are preparing to establish a separate Cyber Crime Investigation Bureau as the cyber security has become very challenging.